Fungal infection types and increase in its cases during summers

Fungal infection types and increase in its cases during summers


Fungal infection is very common among humans, but it can be very uncomfortable dealing with the infection, but getting rid of it is vital for our own good, if we understood the types and treatments, who are most likely to get affected? we might be able to tackle the infections. Fungi are living organisms which can dwell in the air, water, soil and plants, some kind of fungi naturally live off the human body, like other microorganisms, fungi have beneficial as well as harmful kinds, but if the fungi start to invade the human body, it might be a little difficult for the immune system to get rid of they and that is when we call it a fungal infection.   

Types of infections:


1. Athlete’s foot

Tinea pedis or athlete’s foot is a fungal infection that mostly affects the foot. This very common fungal infection, this infection is commonly associated with sports and athletes because the ideal condition for a fungus is a warm and moist environment. So you can be easily affected if you happen to wear socks, shoes, or sports equipment. This is most common when the weather is warm and in summers it can grow faster in these conditions


Symptoms


  • blisters on the affected area
  • redness around the infection
  • layers of skin may break out
  • peeling of skin
  • cracked and scaly skin
  • stinging sensations
  • itching and irritation

Treatment:

Diagnosis is usually made by examining a part of the skin and inspecting it, since there are a variety of fungus that causes athlete’s foot, it is important to know the exact cause, treatment includes topical fungal creams and ointments, which are OTC medicines, some may require oral medication, which can be easily purchased in the best online pharmacy, basic hygiene, and keeping your feet at right the temperature will prevent and treat further infections.

 2. Yeast infection

 Yeast infection is usually caused by Candida Albicans, which mostly affects the vaginal area this mostly occurs in women, yeast the infection causes disturbance to the normal balance of the bacteria and yeast present in the vagina. This is due to the stress and antibiotics, the body goes through, other factors include poor eating habits, bad hygiene habits and more


Symptoms:

  • Toenail infections.
  • swelling around the vagina
  • Itching
  • Pain during urination
  • Soreness and redness around the vagina
  • unusual vaginal discharge

Treatment:

medical history is important for the diagnosis of yeast infection, like infections and STI’s, treatment of yeast infection after diagnosis depends on the condition of infection, the doctor may prescribe creams, tablets and suppositories which are prescription based and OTC too, prevention of yeast infection includes maintaining proper hygiene in the intimate area, balancing the PH of the vaginal area, taking care of feminine products are required.

3. Jock itch

 Another common fungal infection Tinea cruris which is called as jock –itch, which invades the body in warm and damp conditions and can increase in the moist areas of the body like inner thighs butt and groin, this condition is more common in warm conditions as in summer and also in humid areas, these are contagious and can spread easily.

Symptoms:

 Redness in the genitalia, thighs or buttocks
itchy, red rash in a circular shape
chafing of the skin in the infected area
rashes with raised edges
dry, flaky, peel off the skin in the infected  area


Treatment:

consult a doctor and have it checked once you are infected, treatment of jack infection usually includes topical anti-fungal creams and by maintaining proper hygiene, besides OTC creams and ointments, jock itch might need some prescribed medicines, other measures like having a clean and dry skin, wearing loose fitted clothes, avoiding direct contact with infected persons, helps you treat and prevent the fungus.

4. Ringworm:

Ringworm (Tinea corporis) which is also called as dermatophytosis is an infection caused in the skin by a fungus which lives on dead tissues such as hair, skin and nails. Ringworm is highly contagious and can be transmitted from skin to skin contact. This can cause both athlete’s foot and jock itch. When this appears anywhere on the surface of the body is called ringworm, so when the fungus invades the skin of a person, It often produces an itchy raised and scaly patches, which can probably ooze, they are reddish around the normal skin, which creates the appearance of the ring, people mistake this condition is caused by a worm, but it is not it is caused by a fungus, which has the appearance of a ring  

Symptoms:

       Ringworm causes due to jock itch and athlete’s foot
       Since it is a skin condition,It is easily noticeable
       Red patches which itch
       Raised scaly patches
       Inside the ring the skin is usually clear or scaly
      You may notice several rings around it

Treatment:

 Visit your doctor and know the severity of the infection, after diagnosis, they might recommend fungal creams, medicated ointments and these are basically OTC medicines and can be purchased from the best online medical store in India for your convenience, but severe conditions of ringworm might require a valid prescription, the preventive measure includes personal hygiene which can treat and prevent fungal infection, keep your skin dry and clean. Safety measures in public places should be followed Basic hygiene can help treat and prevent ringworm as well.

Conclusion:      
                        
 Fungal infections are not life-threatening, they can be easily cured with OTC medicines and creams, some may require additional treatments, so we have to take care of it and treat it over time because the infection and irritation it causes can be a lot to handle, especially when you are in public, most of the fungal infections are contagious so we have to maintain our appropriate distance with other people, preventive measures have to be followed in order to avoid further fungal infections. Personal hygiene is the key, so following it the most important thing a human being should follow.


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